Introduction to your landlord obligations
Landlord obligations can be tricky. To help, online estate agent easyProperty has gathered this list of crucial landlord obligations.
This blog serves as a guide to your landlord obligations. If you’re not sure what to do, please speak to a legal expert.
This list covers:
Landlord obligations: safety
Landlord obligations: paperwork
‘How to Rent’
Right to Rent
Landlord obligations: admin
Licensing and permission
Landlord obligations: condition and repairs
Landlord obligations: safety
Legally, landlords must have a gas safety inspection each year if there’s a gas supply. A copy of the Gas Safety Certificate must be given to tenants.
Appliances, installations, pipework, and air vents must be checked to ensure they’re safe to use.
Take note, Only a Gas Safe-registered engineer can do inspections and repairs. Meet your landlord obligations and get a Gas Safety Certificate today.
All electrical fittings (sockets and lights) must be safe throughout a tenancy. Devices must have a CE mark, too. Take note, A CE mark is the manufacturer’s declaration that the product meets European law. If your rental is a House of Multiple Occupation (HMO), landlords must have an electrician perform tests every five years.
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When it comes to fire safety, it’s best to be cautious with your landlord obligations. By law, rentals must have:
- Access to escape routes at all times
- Fire-safe furniture and furnishings
- Fire alarms and carbon monoxide detectors (a fire extinguisher is a good idea, too).
A smoke alarm must be on all floors of your rental. Carbon monoxide detectors must be in any room with fuel-burning devices.
If landlords take a deposit in an Assured Shorthold Tenancy (AST), legally they must protect it in a government-backed scheme. This stops rogue landlords and agents keeping funds when they shouldn’t.
You must protect deposits within 30 days to avoid a fine of up to three times the amount. Tenants need a copy of the deposit registration certificate, as well as the Prescribed Information.The Housing Act 2004 states landlords must give tenants information about their deposit protection. This is known as the Prescribed Information, and will change with each deposit protection scheme.Landlords can’t serve a Section 21 Notice if the deposit isn’t protected.
Landlords need a valid Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) to legally let a property in the UK.
EPCs look at the energy efficiency of a property, and advise how to improve it. Tenants need a copy when they move in.
Avoid a £200 fine. Meet your landlord obligations and get a valid EPC for your rental. Or read The Landlords’ Guide to EPCs to learn more.
“Landlords must declare rental income to Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC). This means they may have to pay tax. Landlords can be fined if they don’t declare this income.”